Economic Downturn of Camel Herder in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan due to Climatic Change
Keywords: Camel production, Cholistan, temperature, Rainfall, Sand storms, Veterinary assistance
AbstractIn Cholistan where the drought conditions are very common, camel is the best source of income and easily survives without food and water for longer period. Lack of proper management, marketing, disasters, drought conditions and lack of link between research institutes and camel farmers has brought the camel production to the edge of decline. Objective: The aim of study was to evaluate the effect of climatic conditions on camel production in tehsil Yazman. Out of 18 union councils of Yazman, 2 rural union councils were selected purposively depending on the camel population. Two villages from each union council were selected randomly, 30 respondents from each village were selected randomly, making a sample size of 120 respondents. The results of our study showed that 56.7%, 55.9% and 51.8% respondents supposed that sunlight, sand storm and warm temperature, respectively was the main factor which affect the camel production in Cholistan. According to 60.8% respondents, veterinary assistance has very high effect on camel production as followed by 55.9% and 52.5% respondents argument was about diseases and vaccination. Similarly, 90%, 82.5% and 81.7% respondents supposed that the squeezing of land, feed supplement and improvement of racing ability can enhance the camel production in Cholistan. It is concluded that specific guidelines should be established from Government to improve camel production.
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