ESTIMATION OF ECONOMIC COST OF LOW BACK PAIN MANAGEMENT IN KANO, NIGERIA.

  • Bashir Bello Senior Lecturer, Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria.
  • Tasiu Isah Muhammad Physiotherapist, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital, Kano
Keywords: Low back pain, Economic cost, Direct cost, Indirect cost

Abstract

The cost of treatment for patients with low back pain (LBP) has a noteworthy monetary effect around the world. In Nigeria documents indicating the cost of treatment of LBP are few or not in existence. The purpose of this study is to estimate the cost of low back pain management in Kano state. A total of 79 respondents (55 males,24 females) aged between 30 to 70 years receiving physiotherapy in secondary and tertiary hospitals consented to participate in the study. Data on economic cost of low back pain and socio demographic information were collected using a standardized economic cost questionnaire. Respondents functional disability level were assessed using Rolland Morris Disability Questionnaire. Results were analyzed descriptively using  statistics of proportions, means and standard deviation, inferential statistics of chi square.The overall estimated cost of annual low back pain mangement was averaged at 94389.57 naira ± 67270  with direct cost accounting for 84.80% (80045.57 ± 54287.02 naira ) and indirect cost accounting  for 15.20 % (14344 ± 12983.47 naira).There was no association between the cost of management of low back pain and gender (p=0.39). However, there was an association between the cost of low back pain mangement and functional disability score among respondents (p=0.004). This study concluded that management of low back pain constitutes a substantial cost burden which is  largely  attributed to direct cost and radiological investigation contributed greatly to the cost. 

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Published
2017-03-03
Section
Articles